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Picardy Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Picardy Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Gun Dog
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Picardy Spaniel
OriginFrance
Other Names
What other names does the Picardy Spaniel have? The dog breed also known as...
Épagneul Picard
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Picardy Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Picardy Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pointing Dogs group, in the Continental Pointing Dogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Picardy Spaniel breed?
Canadian Kennel ClubContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleUnited Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Picardy Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Picardy Spaniel price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Picardy Spaniel, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Picardy Spaniel for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Picardy Spaniel gets to a happy place.

Picardy Spaniel History

The Picardy Spaniel is considered to be one of the oldest spaniel breeds, with its origin which can be traced back to before the French Revolution. The French Spaniel, alongside the Picardy, is also among to earliest spaniel breeds, and these two are believed to have stemmed from the Chien d' Oysel described in the writings of Gaston Phoebus. The dogs were developed to be versatile, and thus the dogs were mainly used as a working dog and has the athletic body and weatherproof coat to prove it. Whether hunting in wetlands or wooded land, the Picardy Spaniel is known for the ease with which it expertly traverses a variety of terrains. The breed is both a retriever and a gun dog, it happily hunts a wide range of wildlife, including pheasant and snipe, as well as duck and rabbits.

Initially, the breed was bred in France, and with its noble history, it was mainly the royalty and the upper classes that worked and enjoyed the Picardy Spaniel, and the dogs and their human masters have been portrayed in beautiful artworks throughout centuries. The breed can be seen in paintings dating from this period by artists Alexandre-François Desportes and Jean-Baptiste Oudry. They were also the first breed of dog to be admitted into salons, thanks to their upper-class appearance and their upper-class fanciers. The breed’s place in society shifted significantly after the French Revolution when hunting was no longer restricted to the French nobility, so the dogs suddenly became accessible to all classes of people. During the early 19th century, British hunters crossed the La Manche channel with the intention of hunting in the grounds of northwest France. The British brought their own hunting dogs, and this resulted in a change of preference as French hunters switched to English breeds and caused a major blow to the existence of the Picardy Spaniel was crossbred with various British hunting breeds, like the English Setter in the mid-1800, which changed the appearance and the purpose of the existing breed and led to the development of the breed’s offspring, the Blue Picardy Spaniel.

While the breed was a popular choice of hunting companion in the past, with the importation of a large number of European, mostly British, hunting dogs in the early 20th century, the Picardy Spaniel began to fall out of fashion and their population size declined dramatically.

The Picardy Spaniel forms part of the Club des Espagneuls de Picardie et de Pont-Audemer, which was initially founded in 1921 along with two other breeds, the Blue Picardy Spaniel and the Pont-Audemer. The UKC (United Kennel Club) has recognized the breed within the Gun Dog category since 1996 and the breed also got accepted by the FCI later on, yet the AKC (American Kennel Club) did not yet recognize the Picardy Spaniel.

Picardy Spaniel General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Picardy Spaniel size:
Large
Weight
How much does the Picardy Spaniel weigh? Picardy Spaniel weight:
44–55 lbs (20–25 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Picardy Spaniel? Picardy Spaniel average weight:
44–55 lbs (20–25 kg)
Height
How tall is the Picardy Spaniel? Picardy Spaniel height:
22–24 inches (56–61 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Picardy Spaniel average height:
22–24 inches (56–61 cm)

Picardy Spaniel Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Picardy Spaniel have? What does this canine coat look like?
Feathered
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Picardy Spaniel's coat?
BrownGray
Grooming
How to groom the Picardy Spaniel and how often?
Average: The Picardy Spaniel requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Picardy Spaniel, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Picardy Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Épagneul Picard? Picardy Spaniel shedding level:
Picardy Spaniels shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Picardy Spaniel Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Picardy Spaniel have? What characteristics does the breed have?
ActiveCompanionableEnergeticAffectionateDevotedTrainable
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Picardy Spaniel? Are they intelligent?
Average: Picardy Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Picardy Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Picardy Spaniels are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Picardy Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Picardy Spaniel sensitivity:
Picardy Spaniels have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Picardy Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Épagneul Picard need? Picardy Spaniel social needs:
Picardy Spaniels are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Picardy Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Why does my Épagneul Picard bark?
Average: The Picardy Spaniel barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Picardy Spaniel good as a watchdog?
Picardy Spaniels are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do Picardy Spaniel dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Picardy Spaniels are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Picardy Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Épagneul Picard? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Picardy Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Picardy Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Picardy Spaniel do?
Picardy Spaniels have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Picardy Spaniels need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Picardy Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Picardy Spaniel roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Picardy Spaniel is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Picardy Spaniel have high prey drive?
Picardy Spaniels have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Picardy Spaniel dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Picardy Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Picardy Spaniels are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle. They need to be outside in the garden, or you must walk them for a few hours every day.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Picardy Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Picardy Spaniels do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Picardy Spaniel dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Picardy Spaniel Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Picardy Spaniels are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Picardy Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Picardy Spaniel and children:
Picardy Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Picardy Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Picardy Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Picardy Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Picardy Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Picardy Spaniels are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Picardy Spaniels good office dogs? Do Picardy Spaniels make good office friendly dogs? Can Picardy Spaniels be office dogs?
No
Picardy Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Picardy Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Épagneul Picard temperament with senior people? Are Picardy Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
Picardy Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Picardy Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are Picardy Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Picardy Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Picardy Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Picardy Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Picardy Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Picardy Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Picardy Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Picardy Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a boat dog?
Not really
Picardy Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Picardy Spaniel be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Picardy Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Picardy Spaniel Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Picardy Spaniel dogs have health problems?
The Picardy Spaniel is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Picardy Spaniel breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Picardy Spaniel breed? Health risks of Picardy Spaniel:
Ear Infections
Life Expectancy
How long do Picardy Spaniel dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Picardy Spaniel be?
12-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Picardy Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
No
Picardy Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Picardy Spaniel have?
Picardy Spaniels have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Picardy Spaniel dogs require per day?
Picardy Spaniels need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Picardy Spaniels don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Picardy Spaniel need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Picardy Spaniel risk for obesity:
Average. The Picardy Spaniel has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Picardy Spaniel's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Picardy Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Picardy Spaniel drool?
The Picardy Spaniel is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Picardy Spaniel Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Picardy Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Picardy Spaniel have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Picardy Spaniel have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
3-5 puppies

Picardy Spaniel Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: Picardy Spaniels are very easy to train.
  • Adaptability: Picardy Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Picardy Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Picardy Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Picardy Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Picardy Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Picardy Spaniels are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
  • Mouthiness: Picardy Spaniels have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Picardy Spaniel is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Picardy Spaniels do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Picardy Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.

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