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French Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about French Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.

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French Spaniel
OriginFrance
Other Names
What other names does the French Spaniel have? The dog breed also known as...
Epagneul Français, French Setter, Canadian Setter
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is French Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is French Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pointing Dogs group, in the Continental Pointing Dogs section.
Price
How much does the French Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? French Spaniel price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the French Spaniel, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a French Spaniel for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the French Spaniel gets to a happy place.

French Spaniel History

The origin of the Spaniel goes back almost 2000 years with evidence when the name first appeared in writings such as the Irish law in 17 A.D. There is also another reference to the Spaniel in Welsh laws about the year 300 A.D. However most researchers agree that the term ‘Spaniel’ comes from the Roman name for Spain, Hispania, and the change probably came from this to spagnell, spainell, spanyell and spaniel. On the other hand, some people believe that the term may have come from the French phrase ‘Chiens de l’Espagnol’, which means the ‘dog of Spain’. Afterward, in the late 14th century several authors mentioned the breed in their writings. First of all Gaston De Foix, who was a rich and powerful lord of Southern France, wrote his “Livre de Chasse” (Book of the Chase) in which he describes this breed as a hunting dog. In the 16th century, Spaniels had become specialized in water and land breeds. After that a process of selection and refinement into distinct breeds started, the King Charles Spaniel and the French Spaniel became independent breeds by the mid-1600s.

The French Spaniel, like the other types of spaniel breeds, such as the English Springer Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel, is likely to have been derived from Spanish and Portuguese hunting dogs of the Middle Ages. However other people believe that the French Spaniel was developed in France in the 14th century where the breed was used for net hunting and falconry. It is true however that the breed became very popular in France and the surrounding countries as a hunting dog with noble roots. For net hunting, the dog would point with a low elongated, “setting style” which would make it easier for the hunter to throw the net over the dog. The French Spaniel kept its noble patronage and was admired for its speed and gentle mouth when retrieving wounded game. After a while, there was a time in the 19th century when the breed was on the edge of the extension. Apparently, it is proved that a French priest, Father Fournier, gathered as many French Spaniel as he could to save them by breeding them in his kennel in Saint Hillaire. Thanks to him in 1921 the French Spaniel Club was founded with Father Fournier being president and since then the breed has been recognized alongside other Spaniels such as Brittany and Picardy.

Moreover, the French Spaniel started becoming popular in other countries as well when it was imported to the Canadian providence of Quebec in the 1970s. A club was created in Quebec, which quickly gained popularity with its main goal to preserve the French Spaniel breed standard. A few years later the Canadian Kennel Club officially recognized the French Spaniel.

French Spaniel General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? French Spaniel size:
Medium
Weight
How much does the French Spaniel weigh? French Spaniel weight:
44-55 pounds (20-25 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the French Spaniel? French Spaniel average weight:
49.5 pounds (22.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the French Spaniel? French Spaniel height:
Male: 22-24 inches (55-61 cm), Female: 21-23 inches (54-59 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? French Spaniel average height:
Male: 23 inches (58 cm), Female: 22 inches (56.5 cm)

French Spaniel Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the French Spaniel have? What does this canine coat look like?
WavyGlossy
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper French Spaniel's coat?
LiverWhite
Grooming
How to groom the French Spaniel and how often?
Easy to groom: The French Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. French Spaniel is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do French Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Epagneul Français? French Spaniel shedding level:
French Spaniels are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

French Spaniel Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the French Spaniel have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AdaptableEnergeticLovingCalmIntelligentTough
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the French Spaniel? Are they intelligent?
Average: French Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are French Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
French Spaniels are hard to train. They don't really get the association between commands and actions. If you want them to obey, you should be very consistent and patient while teaching.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
French Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? French Spaniel sensitivity:
French Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
French Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Epagneul Français need? French Spaniel social needs:
French Spaniels need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do French Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Why does my French Setter bark?
Low to Average: The French Spaniel rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is French Spaniel good as a watchdog?
French Spaniels are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do French Spaniel dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
French Spaniels are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do French Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Epagneul Français? What are the odds of getting bitten by a French Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The French Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the French Spaniel do?
French Spaniels have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but French Spaniels need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the French Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does French Spaniel roam?
French Spaniels have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does French Spaniel have high prey drive?
French Spaniels have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is French Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
French Spaniels are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
French Spaniels adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
French Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where French Spaniel dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

French Spaniel Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
French Spaniels are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are French Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? French Spaniel and children:
French Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do French Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
French Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is French Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do French Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
French Spaniels are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the French Spaniel can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are French Spaniels good office dogs? Do French Spaniels make good office friendly dogs? Can French Spaniels be office dogs?
No
French Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do French Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Epagneul Français temperament with senior people? Are French Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
French Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do French Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are French Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
French Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is French Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
French Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can French Spaniel be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). French Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can French Spaniel be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. French Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can French Spaniel be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. French Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can French Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The French Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can French Spaniel be a boat dog?
Not really
French Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can French Spaniel be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. French Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

French Spaniel Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do French Spaniel dogs have health problems?
French Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Life Expectancy
How long do French Spaniel dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a French Spaniel be?
10-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the French Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
No
French Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the French Spaniel have?
French Spaniels have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do French Spaniel dogs require per day?
French Spaniels need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
French Spaniels are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the French Spaniel need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2-3 cup a day high-quality dry food formulated for adult dogs and made with high-quality animal proteins, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? French Spaniel risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the French Spaniel's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the French Spaniel's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The French Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the French Spaniel drool?
The French Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the French Spaniel could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the French Spaniel. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

French Spaniel Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female French Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the French Spaniel have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the French Spaniel have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
3-7 puppies

French Spaniel Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The French Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The French Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Child Friendly: French Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: French Spaniels are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: French Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cons
  • Trainability: French Spaniels are hard to train.
  • Health Issues: French Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: French Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: French Spaniels are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Shedding Level: French Spaniels are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: French Spaniels have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: French Spaniels have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: French Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: French Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: French Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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