Xoloitzcuintli Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Xoloitzcuintli so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
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Xoloitzcuintli dog profile picture
OriginMexico flagMexico
Other Names
What other names does the Xoloitzcuintli have?
XolitoXoloXoloescuincleXoloitzcuintleXoloitzcuintliXoloitzquintleMexican Hairless
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Xoloitzcuintli Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Xoloitzcuintli puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Xoloitzcuintli?
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Xoloitzcuintli, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Xoloitzcuintli for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Xoloitzcuintli gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Xoloitzcuintli? How many Xoloitzcuintli are there in the world?
Frequent: The Xoloitzcuintli is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

Xoloitzcuintli Size

Size
Is a Xoloitzcuintli small, medium or large dog?

How big do Xoloitzcuintli get?

Medium
Weight
How much does the Xoloitzcuintli weigh? How much should the Xoloitzcuintli breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Xoloitzcuintli?
15-30 pounds (7-14 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Xoloitzcuintli?
22.5 pounds (10.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Xoloitzcuintli? Xoloitzcuintli height:
15-20 inches (38-51 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Xoloitzcuintli?
17.5 inches (44.5 cm)

Xoloitzcuintli Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Xoloitzcuintli have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
SmoothHairless
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Xoloitzcuintli's coat?
BlackBrindleBrownGrayWhite
Grooming
How to groom the Xoloitzcuintli and how often?
Easy to groom: The Xoloitzcuintli doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Xoloitzcuintli is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Xoloitzcuintli dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Xolito?
Xoloitzcuintlis shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Xoloitzcuintli dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Xoloitzcuintli need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Xoloitzcuintli every day?
1-2 weeks
Very frequent. This breed has famously high-maintenance hair and may require a bath every 1-2 weeks. All dogs have oils on their skin, but some breeds are greasier than others.

For example, oilier breeds may need to be bathed up to once a week. Because many of these breeds are short-haired, a nice brushing won’t do much to redistribute the oils, so while these oils do protect the dog’s skin from overdrying, they can carry a pretty pungent odor.

Xoloitzcuintli Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Xoloitzcuintli have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertCheerfulLoyalCalmCompanionableProtective
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Xoloitzcuintli? Is the Xoloitzcuintli breed dumb or smart?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Xoloitzcuintli obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.

The Xoloitzcuintli ranks below average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Trainability
Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Xoloitzcuintlis are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Xoloitzcuintlis, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Xoloitzcuintli sensitivity:
Sensitive: Xoloitzcuintlis don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.

This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Xoloitzcuintli a good family dog?
High: Xoloitzcuintlis are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Xolito need? Xoloitzcuintli social needs:
Xoloitzcuintlis need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Xolito bark?
Low: The Xoloitzcuintli barks none to minimal. Perfect choice if you prefer a quiet breed.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Xoloitzcuintli good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Xoloitzcuintlis are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Xoloitzcuintlis are not the best to protect their territory. Better to have the protection of your house and property supervised by others.
Biting Potential
Do Xoloitzcuintli bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Xolito? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Xoloitzcuintli? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Xoloitzcuintli has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Xoloitzcuintli has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Xoloitzcuintli? How much bite force does a Xoloitzcuintli have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Xoloitzcuintli bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Xoloitzcuintli, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Xoloitzcuintli do?
Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Xoloitzcuintlis need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Xoloitzcuintli to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Xoloitzcuintli roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Xoloitzcuintli is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Xoloitzcuintli have high prey drive?
Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Xoloitzcuintlis are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Xoloitzcuintli good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Xoloitzcuintli breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Xoloitzcuintlis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Xoloitzcuintli be left alone?
Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Xoloitzcuintli Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Xoloitzcuintli temperament with other people:
Xoloitzcuintlis are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with other pets? Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Xoloitzcuintlis are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Child Friendly
Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Xoloitzcuintli temperament with children:
Xoloitzcuintlis are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Xoloitzcuintli breed live with a cat?
Xoloitzcuintlis are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Xoloitzcuintli good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with other dogs?
Xoloitzcuintlis are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Xoloitzcuintli can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Xoloitzcuintli breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Xoloitzcuintli breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Xoloitzcuintlis are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Xoloitzcuintlis good office dogs? Do Xoloitzcuintlis make good office friendly dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintlis be office dogs?
No
Xoloitzcuintli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Xolito temperament with senior people? Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs good for elderly owners?
Xoloitzcuintlis are usually recommended for elderly people.

Xoloitzcuintli Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have a lot and frequent health issues. Regular vet check-ups are essential with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Xoloitzcuintli breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Xoloitzcuintli breed? Most common health risks of Xoloitzcuintli:
AcneDry SkinSkin Irritation
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Xoloitzcuintli breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Xoloitzcuintli see the vet?
Frequent
The Xoloitzcuintli should have a complete physical check-up at least once (but preferably twice) per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Xoloitzcuintli dogs live? How old can a Xoloitzcuintli be? What is the age limit of the Xoloitzcuintli? How many years can the oldest Xoloitzcuintli live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Xoloitzcuintli?

14-18 years
The average lifespan of Xoloitzcuintli: 16 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Xoloitzcuintli breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Xoloitzcuintlis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Xoloitzcuintli have? What is the activity level of the Xoloitzcuintli?
Xoloitzcuintlis have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Xoloitzcuintli need? How much exercise do Xoloitzcuintli dogs require per day?
Xoloitzcuintlis have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Xoloitzcuintli breed need?
Xoloitzcuintlis sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Xoloitzcuintli need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Xoloitzcuintli breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Xoloitzcuintli? How much food should I feed my Xoloitzcuintli?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Xoloitzcuintli risk for obesity:
Average: The Xoloitzcuintli has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Xoloitzcuintli's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Xoloitzcuintli has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Xoloitzcuintli drool?
The Xoloitzcuintli is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Xoloitzcuintli could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Xoloitzcuintli.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Xoloitzcuintli As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Xoloitzcuintli be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a boat dog?

Not really

Xoloitzcuintli breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Xoloitzcuintli dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Xoloitzcuintli Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Xoloitzcuintli pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Xoloitzcuintli breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Xoloitzcuintli: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Xoloitzcuintli have in a litter? How many puppies can the Xoloitzcuintli breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Xoloitzcuintli have? How many puppies can a Xoloitzcuintli give birth to?
3-7 puppies

Xoloitzcuintli Recognition

AKC Group
Is Xoloitzcuintli recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2011 as a Non-Sporting breed.
FCI Group
Is Xoloitzcuintli recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Primitive type section.

Xoloitzcuintli Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Hypoallergenic: Xoloitzcuintlis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Xoloitzcuintli breed.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Xoloitzcuintli doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Xoloitzcuintlis shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Xoloitzcuintli is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Xoloitzcuintlis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Xoloitzcuintlis are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Health Issues: Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have a lot and frequent health issues.
  • Mouthiness: Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Xoloitzcuintli is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Xoloitzcuintli is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Xoloitzcuintli History

The Xoloitzcuintli, or in their other name, the Mexican Hairless Dog is considered to be a naturally developed breed, most likely the result of a spontaneous genetic mutation. As their more casual name suggests, the breed finds its origins in Mexico, dating back a minimum of 3,000 years. Their conventional name is derived from the Aztec dog-headed god named Xolotl and from the Aztec word "itzcuintli", which translates to the dog. According to Aztec mythology, the breed was believed to be sacred by the gods, and the dogs were often sacrificed and buried alongside their owners, in order to serve them as protective guides in the afterlife. Moreover, the dogs were thought to possess healing powers, which were especially effective in cases of insomnia, rheumatism, and asthma.

For centuries the breed developed naturally without any interference by humans, with natural selection. The first mentions of the Xoloitzcuintli can be found in the travel journals of Columbus and other European discoverers. Later, archaeological evidence in form of representations on pottery, other artworks, and skeletons proved that the breed arrived in America over 3,000 years ago, with migratory humans. In the 16th century, Conquistadors documented and reported that they were being served dog meat at banquets, so it is presumable that the Xoloitzcuintli was also served nutritional needs. Later, at the beginning of the 1880s, the breed got a huge popularity boost, thanks to the recognition the AKC (American Kennel Club) gave them. At that time, the kennel registered the breed under the name, Mexican Hairless. The first specimen recognized by the AKC was named Mee Too.

After the Xoloitzcuintli’s popularity peaked at the beginning of the 1900s, the breed stepped out of the spotlight. However, in 1940, a dog named Chinito Jr. became the first of its breed, to earn an AKC Championship. Their popularity skyrocketed again after that competition. The breed was even portrayed next to Frida Khalo and also alongside Diego Rivera, who owned a specimen of the breed named Mr. Xoloti. Interestingly, over the course of the 20th century, the Xoloitzcuintli had gone through periods of insane popularity and periods when it was thought to be on the brink of extinction. Surprisingly, in 1959 the AKC de-registered the breed, due to the lack of interest around the breed. The breed might have gone to extinction, nevertheless, fortunately, the breed’s fanciers had brought it back from being endangered.

The AKC recognized the Xoloitzcuintli again in 2011. Today, the breed is considered a national treasure in its native country, Mexico. Moreover, the dogs were named breed of the year in 2010. Nowadays, the breed’s population number is approximately 30,000 worldwide, which makes them reside in the intersection of popularity and rarity. In sum, over the course of history, the Xoloitzcuintli had a very interesting and exciting life, and it served several very different rules throughout its whole existence including the source of food, healer, and hunter. Nowadays, the breed is mostly kept as a companion.

Rate The Xoloitzcuintli Breed

Xoloitzcuintli Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Wendy A. Joseph

    Jun 17, 2022, 9:54:39 PM:

    I don’t have one but for some reason I’ve fallen in love with them and I’m looking for one desperately …LA area.

  • sebastian

    Sep 28, 2020, 12:40:28 AM:

    i have one