Russian Toy Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Russian Toy so you can get to know the breed more.
Other Names |
What other names does the Russian Toy have? The dog breed also known as...
|Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Russian Toy recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Miscellaneous breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Russian Toy recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy section.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Russian Toy breed?
|Canadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleFoundation Stock ServiceNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.|
How much does the Russian Toy puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Russian Toy price:
If you choose to purchase the Russian Toy, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Russian Toy for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Russian Toy gets to a happy place.
Russian Toy History
The origin of the Russian Toy began with English stock and dates back to the early 18th century when the Manchester Terrier and the English Toy Terrier first arrived in Russia. The Zoological Museum in Saint Petersburg holds evidence of this, where a preserved specimen of a small black and tan terrier from 1716-1725, stands on exhibit. The dog stands approximately 14 inches at the withers with the description saying: “Dog of the sleek haired terrier breed named Lisetta, belonged personally to Peter the Great.” In Russia, during the 18th century, the Russian Toy became popular as the nobles’ and aristocrats’ companions. Socialites adored this breed due to its small size and lively temperament. The dogs then quickly became quite stylish to appear in public with a well-behaved small terrier at social events and at the opera. After that, the Toy Terrier became a kind of living accessory to the upper classes of society. Besides the dogs’ purpose as a companion dog, they were also used as watchdogs and rat-catchers.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the population number of these toy breeds increased, and the breed was no longer a rarity, yet it remained a symbol of prestige. Moreover, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular decorative dogs in Russia. Then the Russian Revolution of 1917 almost exterminated the Russian Toy. That the reason why, in the period 1920-1950, shipping of toy terriers was almost stopped, and the number of dogs fell to a critical level. The breeding of dogs for companionship was brought to a halt and the fate of the Russian Toy was uncertain. After the death of Stalin, in the mid-1950s, a concentrated, well-planned effort was taken into action in several regions of the Soviet Union, including Moscow, Leningrad, Sverdlovsk, and Irkutsk to restore the Russian Toy to prominence.
Practically all dogs which were used in breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not of pure blood. The standard established for the Toy Terrier significantly differed from the English Toy Terrier's standard in many aspects. Whether by a mutation or the introduction of other unknown small breeds into various lines, a unique puppy was born on October 12, 1958. Two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had a slightly longer hair, gave life to a male dog with a spectacular fringe on its ears and limbs. The decision was made to keep this characteristic. The male was mated with a female dog which also had slightly longer hair. So, the longhaired variant of the toy terrier appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier. The first official standard for the two breed varieties was written in 1966. A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova played a major role in the creation of this breed variant. In the 1980s, a new breed standard declared that the Moscow Long Haired Toy Terrier and the Russian Toy Terrier were in fact two varieties of a single breed. In 2006, with the Russian Toy’s addition to the FCI list of recognized breeds, the “Terrier” was dropped from the breed’s name and is now called the Russian Toy, with both long and smooth coat varieties.
The Russian Toy is among the smallest dog breeds in the world. The breed was only recognized by the UK Kennel Club in 2017 and is not yet recognized by the American Kennel Club but it is accepted in the Foundation Stock Service. The numbers of the breed have been in decline until relatively recently when it has seen a revival in popularity and become more widely known outside Russia.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Russian Toy size:
How much does the Russian Toy weigh? Russian Toy weight:
|3-6 pounds (1.3-2.7 kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Russian Toy? Russian Toy average weight:
|4.5 pounds (1.3-2.7 kg)|
How tall is the Russian Toy? Russian Toy height:
|8-10 inches (20-26 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Russian Toy average height:
|9 inches (23 cm)|
What type of coat does the Russian Toy have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Russian Toy's coat?
How to groom the Russian Toy and how often?
Easy to groom: The Russian Toy doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Russian Toy is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level |
How much do Russian Toy dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Russian Toy Terrier? Russian Toy shedding level:
Russian Toys are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
What kind of personality does the Russian Toy have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Russian Toy? Are they intelligent?
Average: Russian Toy's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Are Russian Toy dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Russian Toys are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
How playful is this breed?
The Russian Toy is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Russian Toy sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Russian Toys don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they?
Russian Toys are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Russian Toy Terrier need? Russian Toy social needs:
Russian Toys are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Do Russian Toy dogs bark a lot? Why does my Russian Terrier bark?
Average to high: The Russian Toy is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Russian Toy good as a watchdog?
Russian Toys are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Russian Toy dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Russian Toys are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential |
Do Russian Toy bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Russian Toy Terrier? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Russian Toy? Why do dog bites happen?
The Russian Toy has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Russian Toy do?
Russian Toys have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Russian Toys need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Russian Toy to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Russian Toy roam?
Russian Toys have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Russian Toy have high prey drive?
Russian Toys have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Russian Toys are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Russian Toy good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Russian Toys are apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walks outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Russian Toys adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Russian Toys do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog |
Where Russian Toy dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they friendly with strangers?
Russian Toys are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly |
Are Russian Toy dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Russian Toy and children:
Russian Toys are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Russian Toy dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Russian Toys are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Russian Toy good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Russian Toy dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Russian Toys are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly |
Are Russian Toys good office dogs? Do Russian Toys make good office friendly dogs? Can Russian Toys be office dogs?
Russian Toy is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Russian Toy dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Russian Toy Terrier temperament with senior people? Are Russian Toy dogs good for elderly owners?
Russian Toys are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Russian Toy dogs get along with other pets? Are Russian Toy dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Russian Toys are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Russian Toy breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Russian Toys are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Russian Toy be a service dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Russian Toy is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Russian Toy be a therapy dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Russian Toy is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Russian Toy be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Russian Toy is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Russian Toy be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Russian Toy is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Russian Toy be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Russian Toy breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Russian Toy be a drafting dog?
|Not really |
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Russian Toy is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy breed? Do Russian Toy dogs have health problems?
Russian Toys tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems |
What health problems does the Russian Toy breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Russian Toy breed? Health risks of Russian Toy:
|Patellar LuxationRetained Baby Teeth|
Life Expectancy |
How long do Russian Toy dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Russian Toy be?
Is the Russian Toy breed hypoallergenic?
Russian Toys don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Russian Toy have?
Russian Toys are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need |
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Russian Toy dogs require per day?
Russian Toys have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Russian Toys don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Russian Toy need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Russian Toy risk for obesity:
Average. The Russian Toy has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Russian Toy's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Prefers average to warm weather conditions|
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Russian Toy has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Russian Toy drool?
The Russian Toy is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
Reproductive cycle of the female Russian Toy: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|How often can the Russian Toy have a litter?||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Russian Toy have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
Russian Toy Pros & Cons
- Apartment Friendly: Russian Toys are apartment-friendly dogs.
- Grooming: Easy to groom: The Russian Toy doesn't require a lot of grooming.
- Shedding Level: Russian Toys are low shedders.
- Adaptability: Russian Toys adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
- Child Friendly: Russian Toys are kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Russian Toys are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Health Issues: Russian Toys tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
- Hypoallergenic: Russian Toys don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Russian Toys do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
- Office Friendly: Russian Toy is not the best dog breed for office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Russian Toys are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.