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Poitevin Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Poitevin so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank193
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OriginFrance
Other Names
What other names does the Poitevin have? The dog breed also known as...
Haut-Poitou, Chien du Haut-Poitou
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Poitevin recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Poitevin recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Scent hounds and related breeds group, in the Scent hounds section.
Price
How much does the Poitevin puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Poitevin price:
Unknown
Unfortunately, we couldn't find the price of the Poitevin. If you have a Poitevin for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Poitevin gets to a happy place.

History

The Poitevin is a pack hound used for hunting one of the 29 breeds in the French hound family. Members of this group have several things in common for example their rather long ears are low set, coats are short or rough. Some of them are somewhat reserved and there is a certain similarity in the way they bark, a kind of crying in different pitches known as ‘hurleur’. The breed was originally developed by the Marquis de Larrye of Poitou region of Western France in 1692 by combining the Montemboeuf and the now extinct Chien Ceris, two similar French scent hounds, along with the Irish scent hounds and even the Greyhounds. His goal was to create an excellent breed with an exceptional nose and exhaustive determination in the hunt for wolves, bears, deer, and foxes. Its speed gave it the nickname of “Greyhound among French hounds” and it could work alone and with packs. This breed was established until the death of Larrye in the guillotine during the Reign of Terror, and these dogs got dispersed. However, from Larrye’s family, two brothers somehow managed to rebuild the breed and maintain its line. Although they never truly gained widespread popularity, the Poitevin’s numbers were significantly affected on three separate occasions throughout its history including the French Revolution, a rabies epidemic in the mid-19th century, and finally at the time of the Second World War. Each occasion brought this breed to near extinction and these times were not a good time for dogs owned by nobles and royals.

However, in 1844, the blood of the English Foxhound was added to the gene pool of the Poitevin in order to revive the breed. While these Foxhounds were bred into their line, a few years later many loyal breeders wanted to return to the Poitevin’s origins. After the breed’s numbers had been increased to a healthier number, breeders became more selective with their crosses and brought the line back to where the dog’s most distinctive features were once again recognized. The breed used to be called ‘Chien du Haut-Poitou, but the name Poitevin has been generally accepted since 1957 and on the 1st of January in 1996 it was recognized by the FCI as the Poitevin. Today the breed is still considered exceptionally rare and it is not well known outside of France. Today it is mostly kept by hunters and is not even recognized by the AKC. Its numbers are small but a lot better than 70 years ago. Back at the time, it was also used in the development of other French hunting dogs, the Chien Francais Blanc at Noir, the Grand Anglo-Francais Tricolore, and the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Poitevin size:
Large
Weight
How much does the Poitevin weigh? Poitevin weight:
Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg), Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Poitevin? Poitevin average weight:
Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 65 pounds (29.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Poitevin? Poitevin height:
Male: 24-28 inches (61–71 cm), Female: 23-27 inches (58–69 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Poitevin average height:
Male: 26 inches (66 cm), Female: 25 inches (63.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Poitevin have? What does this canine coat look like?
StraightRough
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Poitevin's coat?
BlackOrangeWhiteTricolor
Grooming
How to groom the Poitevin and how often?
Effortless: The Poitevin requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Poitevin is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Poitevin dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Haut-Poitou? Poitevin shedding level:
Poitevins are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Poitevin have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AloofLoyalPlayfulBraveWillfulObstinateUnaffectionate
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Poitevin? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Poitevin's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Poitevin dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Poitevins are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Poitevin is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Poitevin sensitivity:
Poitevins have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Poitevins don't bond too closely to their owners. This breed is often aloof and distant.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Haut-Poitou need? Poitevin social needs:
Poitevins need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Poitevin dogs bark a lot? Why does my Chien du Haut-Poitou bark?
Average to high: The Poitevin is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Poitevin good as a watchdog?
Poitevins are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Poitevin dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Poitevin dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Poitevins are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Poitevin bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Haut-Poitou? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Poitevin? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Poitevin has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Poitevin do?
Poitevins have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Poitevins need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Poitevin to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Poitevin roam?
Poitevins have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Poitevin have high prey drive?
Poitevins have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Poitevin dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Poitevin good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Poitevins are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Poitevins adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Poitevins tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Poitevin dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Poitevins are not stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Poitevin dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Poitevin and children:
Poitevins are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Poitevin dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Poitevins are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Poitevin good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Poitevin dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Poitevins are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Poitevin is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Poitevins good office dogs? Do Poitevins make good office friendly dogs? Can Poitevins be office dogs?
No
Poitevin is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Poitevin dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Haut-Poitou temperament with senior people? Are Poitevin dogs good for elderly owners?
Poitevins are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Poitevin dogs get along with other pets? Are Poitevin dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Poitevins do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Poitevin breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Poitevins are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Poitevin be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Poitevin is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Poitevin be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Poitevin is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Poitevin be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Poitevin is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Poitevin be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Poitevin is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Poitevin be a boat dog?
Not really
Poitevin breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Poitevin be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Poitevin is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Poitevin dogs have health problems?
Poitevins are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Life Expectancy
How long do Poitevin dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Poitevin be?
10-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Poitevin breed hypoallergenic?
No
Poitevins don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Poitevin have?
Poitevins are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Poitevin dogs require per day?
Poitevins need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Poitevins are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Poitevin need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2.5 to 3.5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Poitevin risk for obesity:
Low to Average. The Poitevin has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Poitevin's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Poitevin has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Poitevin drool?
The Poitevin drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Poitevin. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Poitevin pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Poitevin pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Poitevin: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Poitevin have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Poitevin have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
3-6 puppies

Pros & Cons of Poitevin

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Poitevin's has great intelligence.
  • Health Issues: Poitevins are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Poitevin requires minimal grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Poitevins are low shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Low to Average.
  • Watchdog Ability: Poitevins are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Poitevins are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Poitevins don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Poitevins are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Poitevin drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Poitevins have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Poitevins tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Child Friendly: Poitevins are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Poitevins are not cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Poitevins are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Poitevin is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Poitevins are not the best breed for elderly people.

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