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Phalene Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Phalene so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank434
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OriginSpain France Belgium
Other Names
What other names does the Phalene have? The dog breed also known as...
Toy Spaniel, Dwarf Spaniel, Epagnuel Nain, Continental Toy Spaniel, Continental Spaniel, Squirrel Dog, Phal
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Phalene recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Phalene recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Price
How much does the Phalene puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Phalene price:
$300-$500
If you choose to purchase the Phalene, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Phalene for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Phalene gets to a happy place.

History

The Phalène is the earliest form of the Papillon, which is a toy dog breed. Both of these varieties can occur in the same litter. The Phalène made its first appearance in the 16th until when the erect-eared variety of the Papillion was not even documented. From the mid-1500s, the Phalène was portrayed in numerous paintings, particularly in portraits of the wealthy by their students or their Old Masters.

Spain, Belgium, Italy, and France have all been credited with the development of the “Butterfly Dogs”. Phalènes were originally bred to be charming and attentive companions for noblewomen, and for hundreds of years, these enchanting lap warmers were famously the favorites in the royal courts and the glorious mansions all around Europe. The breed appears in many portraits of long-ago queens and princesses painted by Europe’s most well-known painters. Toulouse-Lautrec, Rembrandt, Rubens, and Goya are among the artists who included the Phalène or the Papillons in their paintings. Phalènes are thought to be developed in the Renaissance times by crossing existing toy breeds with spaniels. The breed’s earliest ancestors were known as dwarf spaniels in accordance with the era’s mania among nobles for miniaturized versions of their most fancied breeds. Thanks to the sporting-spaniel in the Phalène’s DNA, the breed is among the more athletic and biddable toy dogs in the canine kingdom. The breed’s French connection was strongly built because of admirers like Louis XIV, Madame de Pompadour, and Marie Antoinette whose Phalène, named Thisbe, stood faithfully outside the prison where the hapless queen awaited beheading. Although it was in the early breeding centers of Spain and Italy where the Phalène and the Papillon were refined and popularized.

After the turn of the 19th century, the Phalène gained more popularity. By the 20th century command, Papillon’s popularity had far outstripped that of the Phalène’s, which sank low enough into obscurity to become extinct. the breed had fanciers and eventually did not slip into extinction. The AKC (American Kennel Club) registered the breed in 1915. The Phalène is considered a variant of the Papillon in the AKC, where they are registered as Papillons and shown and judged in the same classes. The breed standard is the same with the exception of the dropped ear, which does not sit as low on the head. In countries where clubs follow the guidelines of the FCI, the Phalène is considered a separate breed.

The 21st century is considered as a revival of interest in the Phalène, with its fanciers pointing out that in countries where it is judged together with the Papillon, judges must be familiar enough with the breed standard to recognize the qualities of a well-bred Phalène, and not confuse its dropped ears with those of a semi-erect eared Papillon, which would suggest a conformation fault.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Phalene size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Phalene weigh? Phalene weight:
Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg), Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Phalene? Phalene average weight:
Male: 9 pounds (4.5 kg), Female: 8 pounds (3.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Phalene? Phalene height:
Male: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm), Female: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Phalene average height:
Male: 9.5 inches (24 cm), Female: 9.5 inches (24 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Phalene have? What does this canine coat look like?
Feathered
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Phalene's coat?
BrownRedSilverBlack & WhiteBlackBlack & Tan
Grooming
How to groom the Phalene and how often?
Average: The Phalene requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Phalene, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Phalene dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Toy Spaniel? Phalene shedding level:
Phalenes shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Phalene dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Phalene have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AlertFriendlyEnergeticHappyIntelligent
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Phalene? Are they intelligent?
Outstanding: Phalene is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 95% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Phalene dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Phalenes are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Phalene is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Phalene sensitivity:
Phalenes have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Phalenes are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Toy Spaniel need? Phalene social needs:
Phalenes need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Phalene dogs bark a lot? Why does my Dwarf Spaniel bark?
High: The Phalene is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Phalene good as a watchdog?
Phalenes are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do Phalene dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Phalenes strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Phalene bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Toy Spaniel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Phalene? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Phalene has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Phalene do?
Phalenes have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Phalenes need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Phalene to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Phalene roam?
Phalenes are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Phalene have high prey drive?
Phalenes have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Phalenes are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Phalene good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Phalenes are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Phalenes adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Phalenes tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Phalene dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Phalenes are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Phalene dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Phalene and children:
Phalenes are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Phalene dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Phalenes are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Phalene good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Phalene dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Phalenes are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Phalene is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Phalenes good office dogs? Do Phalenes make good office friendly dogs? Can Phalenes be office dogs?
No
Phalene is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Phalene dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Toy Spaniel temperament with senior people? Are Phalene dogs good for elderly owners?
Phalenes are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Phalene dogs get along with other pets? Are Phalene dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Phalenes are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Phalene breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Phalenes are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Phalene be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Phalene is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Phalene be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Phalene is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Phalene be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Phalene is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Phalene be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Phalene is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Phalene be a boat dog?
Not really
Phalene breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Phalene be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Phalene is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Phalene dogs have health problems?
The Phalene is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Life Expectancy
How long do Phalene dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Phalene be?
13-16 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Phalene breed hypoallergenic?
No
Phalenes don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Phalene have?
Phalenes have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Phalene dogs require per day?
Phalenes need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Phalenes are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Phalene need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Phalene risk for obesity:
Average. The Phalene has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Phalene's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Phalene has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Phalene drool?
The Phalene is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Phalene could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Phalene. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Phalene: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Phalene have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Phalene have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-4 puppies

Pros & Cons of Phalene

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: Phalene is one of the brightest dog breeds.
  • Trainability: Phalenes are easy to train.
  • Shedding Level: Phalenes shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling tendency: The Phalene is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Phalenes are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Phalenes adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Phalenes are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Phalenes are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Phalenes are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Phalenes are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Phalenes don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Phalenes tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Dog Friendly: Phalenes are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Phalene is not the best dog breed for office environment.

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