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Pekingese Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pekingese so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank88
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OriginChina
Other Names
What other names does the Pekingese have? The dog breed also known as...
Peking Lion Dog, Lion Dog, Chinese Spaniel, Pelchie Dog, Peking Palasthund, Peke
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Pekingese recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pekingese recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Japan Chin and Pekingese section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pekingese breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubPekingese Club Of America
Price
How much does the Pekingese puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Pekingese price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Pekingese, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pekingese for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pekingese gets to a happy place.

History

An ancient Chinese legend suggests that a lion once fell in love with a marmoset monkey. To wed this strange love, the lion begged Buddha to shrunk him down to the size of a small dog yet preserve his lion heart and character. As Buddha consented, a union was born, and from their love, the lion dogs of China are descended. That is the reason why the breed was known in the past, according to this legend, as Lion Dogs and Sun Dogs.

From a more realistic point of view, the Pekingese is a very ancient breed, DNA evidence confirms them as one of the oldest breeds. The Peke is presumed to have existed in China for over 2000 years. The breed got its name after the capital city, Peking (now named Beijing). The earliest known record of the Pekingese is traceable back to the 8th century, to the Tang Dynasty, back then they were companions to princes, nobles, only held by members of the imperial families, where they were kept pure. They were held sacred in ancient times; Foo Dog idols existed of the Pekingese and have been handed over through generations in a noble family. Another reference for the Pekingese was Sleeve Dog, for the reason that they were carried in voluminous sleeves of imperial households. Another interesting fact is that the violation or the theft of this sacred dog was a serious crime punishable by death in China.

As being a sacred animal, the Pekingese was closely guarded and never allowed to leave the palaces let alone the town or the country, thus the breed was rather unknown and rare in the Western world. The breed came into attention in the Western world in 1860 as a result of the Opium War between 1839 and 1860. When British troops invaded China and entered the imperial summer palace after occupying Peking with the intention of looting and burning it, the soldiers discovered that five Pekingese dogs bravely guarded their owner’s body who committed suicide in order to avoid capture, during the invasion. Later the dogs were taken by the Brits to England as prizes and gifts to Queen Victoria, to the Duke and Duchess of Richmond and Gordon, and to the Duchess of Wellington.

In spite of these events, the breed had remained rare, although by the 1890s they were smuggled out of China. In 1894, a dog named Pekin Peter was the first Pekingese to be exhibited at a dog show in England. In the late 1890s, the breed arrived and gained popularity in America. A Pekingese, named Rascal was the first to be registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1906. Three years later, in 1909 the Pekingese Club of American was founded. After the tragedy of the Titanic in 1912, the breed even made the headlines when a Pekingese was one of the three dog survivors of the sinking of the majestic Titanic.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Pekingese size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Pekingese weigh? Pekingese weight:
8-10 pounds (3.6-4.5 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Pekingese? Pekingese average weight:
9 pounds (3.6-4.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Pekingese? Pekingese height:
6-9 inches (30.4-45 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Pekingese average height:
7.5 inches (30.24.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Pekingese have? What does this canine coat look like?
Dense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pekingese's coat?
FawnRedCreamGrayWhiteBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Pekingese and how often?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Pekingese requires grooming on a daily basis. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule. Taking good care of your Pekingese is time consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Pekingese dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Peking Lion Dog? Pekingese shedding level:
Pekingeses shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Pekingese have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AffectionateGood-naturedOpinionatedAggressiveIntelligentStubborn
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pekingese? Are they intelligent?
Low: The Pekingese if one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence. You need to work hard if you want to impress people with this dog tricks and commands. They understand and memorize new commands in 80-100 repetitions, and obey for the first command 25% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Pekingese dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pekingeses are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Pekingeses don't really like playing. You need to find another activity to make them happy.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pekingese sensitivity:
Pekingeses are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy or office environment and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Pekingeses are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Peking Lion Dog need? Pekingese social needs:
Pekingeses need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Pekingese dogs bark a lot? Why does my Lion Dog bark?
Average to high: The Pekingese is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pekingese good as a watchdog?
Pekingeses are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do Pekingese dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Pekingeses strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pekingese bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Peking Lion Dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pekingese? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Pekingese has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pekingese do?
Pekingeses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pekingeses need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pekingese to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pekingese roam?
Pekingeses have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pekingese have high prey drive?
Pekingeses have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Pekingese dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pekingese good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Pekingeses are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pekingeses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Pekingese dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Pekingeses are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Pekingese dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pekingese and children:
Pekingeses are not kid-friendly dogs. This breed is not recommended for families with children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pekingese dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Pekingeses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pekingese good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pekingeses are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Pekingeses good office dogs? Do Pekingeses make good office friendly dogs? Can Pekingeses be office dogs?
No
Pekingese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Peking Lion Dog temperament with senior people? Are Pekingese dogs good for elderly owners?
Pekingeses are not recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with other pets? Are Pekingese dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pekingeses are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pekingese breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Pekingeses are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pekingese be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Pekingese is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pekingese be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Pekingese is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pekingese be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Pekingese is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pekingese be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Pekingese is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pekingese be a boat dog?
Not really
Pekingese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pekingese be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Pekingese is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Pekingese dogs have health problems?
Pekingeses are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Pekingese breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pekingese breed? Health risks of Pekingese:
Brachycephalic SyndromeCataractsCleft PalateCryptorchidismDistichiasisEctopic CiliaEntropionExposure Keratopathy SyndromeHydrocephalusIntervertebral Disk DiseaseKeratoconjunctivitis SiccaMitral Valve DiseasePatellar LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy
How long do Pekingese dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Pekingese be?
13-15 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Pekingese breed hypoallergenic?
No
Pekingeses don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pekingese have?
Pekingeses have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Pekingese dogs require per day?
Pekingeses exercise need is very minimal. If you live a lazy life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pekingeses like sleeping so they do sleep a lot. They're not the most active dog breed. If you live an active life, this breed can be a bad choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Pekingese need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pekingese risk for obesity:
Average. The Pekingese has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pekingese's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Pekingese can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
High
The Pekingese has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Pekingese drool?
The Pekingese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pekingese could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Pekingese. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Pekingese pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Pekingese pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Pekingese: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Pekingese have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pekingese have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-4 puppies

Pros & Cons of Pekingese

Pros
  • Trainability: Pekingeses are easy to train.
  • Health Issues: Pekingeses are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Apartment Friendly: Pekingeses are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Pekingese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Pekingeses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pekingeses are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pekingeses are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low: The Pekingese if one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pekingeses don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Stinkiness: The Pekingese has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Child Friendly: Pekingeses are not kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pekingese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pekingeses are not recommended for elderly people.

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