Pekingese Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pekingese so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
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Pekingese dog profile picture
OriginChina flagChina
Other Names
What other names does the Pekingese have?
Chinese SpanielLion DogPekePeking PalasthundPelchie DogPeking Lion Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Pekingese Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Pekingese puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Pekingese?
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Pekingese, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pekingese for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pekingese gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Pekingese? How many Pekingese are there in the world?
Very frequent: The Pekingese is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Pekingese Size

Size
Is a Pekingese small, medium or large dog?

How big do Pekingese get?

Small
Weight
How much does the Pekingese weigh? How much should the Pekingese breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Pekingese?
8-10 pounds (3.6-4.5 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Pekingese?
9 pounds (3.6-4.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Pekingese? Pekingese height:
6-9 inches (30.4-45 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Pekingese?
7.5 inches (30.24.5 cm)

Pekingese Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Pekingese have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Dense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pekingese's coat?
FawnRedCreamGrayWhiteBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Pekingese and how often?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Pekingese requires grooming on a daily basis.

Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule.

Taking good care of your Pekingese is time-consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Pekingese dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Chinese Spaniel?
Pekingeses shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Pekingese need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Pekingese every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Pekingese Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Pekingese have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AffectionateGood-naturedOpinionatedAggressiveIntelligentStubborn
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pekingese? Is the Pekingese breed dumb or smart?
Low: The Pekingese is one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence. You need to work hard if you want to impress people with these dog tricks and commands. They understand and memorize new commands in 80-100 repetitions, and obey the first command 25% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Pekingese dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pekingeses are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Pekingeses don't really like playing. You need to find another activity to make them happy.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pekingese sensitivity:
Pekingeses are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well.

They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, a noisy or office environment, and frequent guest visits.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Pekingese a good family dog?
High: Pekingeses are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Chinese Spaniel need? Pekingese social needs:
Pekingeses need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Pekingese dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Chinese Spaniel bark?
Average to High: The Pekingese is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Pekingese good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Pekingeses are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Pekingese dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Pekingeses strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pekingese bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Chinese Spaniel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pekingese? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Pekingese has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Pekingese has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Pekingese? How much bite force does a Pekingese have?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Pekingese bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI.

However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are.

They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pekingese do?
Pekingeses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pekingeses need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pekingese to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pekingese roam?
Pekingeses have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pekingese have high prey drive?
Pekingeses have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Pekingese dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pekingese good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Pekingese breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pekingeses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Pekingese be left alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Pekingese Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Pekingese temperament with other people:
Pekingeses are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with other pets? Are Pekingese dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pekingeses are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Child Friendly
Are Pekingese dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pekingese temperament with children:
Pekingeses are not kid-friendly dogs. This breed is not recommended for families with children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pekingese dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Pekingese breed live with a cat?
Pekingeses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pekingese good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with other dogs?
Pekingeses are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pekingese breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Pekingese breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Pekingeses are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Pekingeses good office dogs? Do Pekingeses make good office friendly dogs? Can Pekingeses be office dogs?
No
Pekingese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pekingese dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Chinese Spaniel temperament with senior people? Are Pekingese dogs good for elderly owners?
Pekingeses are not recommended for elderly people.

Pekingese Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Pekingese dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Pekingeses are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Pekingese breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pekingese breed? Most common health risks of Pekingese:
Brachycephalic SyndromeCataractsCleft PalateCryptorchidismDistichiasisEctopic CiliaEntropionExposure Keratopathy SyndromeHydrocephalusIntervertebral Disk DiseaseKeratoconjunctivitis SiccaMitral Valve DiseasePatellar LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Pekingese breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Pekingese see the vet?
Rare
The Pekingese should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Pekingese dogs live? How old can a Pekingese be? What is the age limit of the Pekingese? How many years can the oldest Pekingese live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Pekingese?

13-15 years
The average lifespan of Pekingese: 14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Pekingese breed hypoallergenic?
No
Pekingeses don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pekingese have? What is the activity level of the Pekingese?
Pekingeses have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Pekingese need? How much exercise do Pekingese dogs require per day?
Pekingeses exercise need is very minimal. If you live a lazy life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Pekingese breed need?
Pekingeses like sleeping so they do sleep a lot. They're not the most active dog breed. If you live an active life, this breed can be a bad choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Pekingese need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Pekingese breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Pekingese? How much food should I feed my Pekingese?
1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pekingese risk for obesity:
Average: The Pekingese has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pekingese's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Pekingese can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

High 🔼

The Pekingese has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Pekingese drool?
The Pekingese is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pekingese could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Pekingese.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Pekingese As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pekingese be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Pekingese is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pekingese be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Pekingese be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Pekingese is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pekingese be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Pekingese is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pekingese be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Pekingese is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pekingese be a boat dog?

Not really

Pekingese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pekingese be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Pekingese is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Pekingese dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Pekingese Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Pekingese pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Pekingese breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Pekingese: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pekingese have in a litter? How many puppies can the Pekingese breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Pekingese have? How many puppies can a Pekingese give birth to?
2-4 puppies

Pekingese Recognition

AKC Group
Is Pekingese recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pekingese recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Japan Chin and Pekingese section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pekingese breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubPekingese Club Of America

Pekingese Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: Pekingeses are easy to train.
  • Health Issues: Pekingeses are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Pekingese breed.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Pekingese is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Pekingeses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pekingeses are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pekingeses are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low: The Pekingese is one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pekingeses don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Stinkiness: The Pekingese has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Child Friendly: Pekingeses are not kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pekingese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pekingeses are not recommended for elderly people.

Pekingese History

An ancient Chinese legend suggests that a lion once fell in love with a marmoset monkey. To wed this strange love, the lion begged Buddha to shrunk him down to the size of a small dog yet preserve his lion heart and character. As Buddha consented, a union was born, and from their love, the lion dogs of China are descended. That is the reason why the breed was known in the past, according to this legend, as Lion Dogs and Sun Dogs.

From a more realistic point of view, the Pekingese is a very ancient breed, DNA evidence confirms them as one of the oldest breeds. The Peke is presumed to have existed in China for over 2000 years. The breed got its name after the capital city, Peking (now named Beijing). The earliest known record of the Pekingese is traceable back to the 8th century, to the Tang Dynasty, back then they were companions to princes, nobles, only held by members of the imperial families, where they were kept pure. They were held sacred in ancient times; Foo Dog idols existed of the Pekingese and have been handed over through generations in a noble family. Another reference for the Pekingese was Sleeve Dog, for the reason that they were carried in voluminous sleeves of imperial households. Another interesting fact is that the violation or the theft of this sacred dog was a serious crime punishable by death in China.

As being a sacred animal, the Pekingese was closely guarded and never allowed to leave the palaces let alone the town or the country, thus the breed was rather unknown and rare in the Western world. The breed came into attention in the Western world in 1860 as a result of the Opium War between 1839 and 1860. When British troops invaded China and entered the imperial summer palace after occupying Peking with the intention of looting and burning it, the soldiers discovered that five Pekingese dogs bravely guarded their owner’s body who committed suicide in order to avoid capture, during the invasion. Later the dogs were taken by the Brits to England as prizes and gifts to Queen Victoria, to the Duke and Duchess of Richmond and Gordon, and to the Duchess of Wellington.

In spite of these events, the breed had remained rare, although by the 1890s they were smuggled out of China. In 1894, a dog named Pekin Peter was the first Pekingese to be exhibited at a dog show in England. In the late 1890s, the breed arrived and gained popularity in America. A Pekingese, named Rascal was the first to be registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1906. Three years later, in 1909 the Pekingese Club of American was founded. After the tragedy of the Titanic in 1912, the breed even made the headlines when a Pekingese was one of the three dog survivors of the sinking of the majestic Titanic.

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