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German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler" Compare German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois. Which is better: German Shepherd or Belgian Malinois or Rottweiler?
Name German Shepherd Belgian Malinois Rottweiler
OriginsGermany Belgium Germany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs
Popularity Rank2448
Reviews3111
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Malinois Rottie, Rott
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1959 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Colonial Rottweiler Club Deutscher Rottweiler Klub International Rottweiler Club
Price $800-$2000 $1200-$1400 $1200-$2000

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Size Large Large Large Giant
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg), Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg) Male: 95-130 pounds (43-59 kg), Female: 85-115 pounds (38-52 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 65 pounds (29.5 kg) Male: 112.5 pounds (51 kg), Female: 100 pounds (45 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm) Male: 24-27 inches (61-69 cm), Female: 22-25 inches (56-63 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (63.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 25.5 inches (65 cm), Female: 23.5 inches (59.5 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Coat Fuzzy Weather-resistant Straight Dense
Colors Silver Tan Red Black Brindle Cream Fawn Black Mahogany Tan Rust Black
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Belgian Malinois requires average grooming effort.
Effortless: The Rottweiler requires minimal grooming.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Belgian Malinoiss shed moderately.
Rottweilers shed moderately.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Temperament Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Active Alert Confident Friendly Hard working Protective Stubborn Watchful Alert Fearless Independent Loyal Courageous Good-natured Intelligent Protective
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Very smart: Belgian Malinois is an excellent dog breed.
Outstanding: Rottweiler is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Belgian Malinoiss are very easy to train.
Rottweilers are easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Belgian Malinois is a highly playful breed.
Rottweilers, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Belgian Malinoiss may seem unfriendly sometimes due to their independence.
Rottweilers are average dogs regarding their affection level.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Belgian Malinoiss are a social breed.
Rottweilers need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Average to high: The Belgian Malinois is a vocal breed.
Low: The Rottweiler barks none to minimal.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Belgian Malinoiss are one of the best watchdogs.
Rottweilers are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Belgian Malinoiss strongly protect their territory.
Rottweilers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Belgian Malinois has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The Rottweiler has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Belgian Malinoiss have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Rottweilers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Wanderlust potential of the Belgian Malinois is strong enough to escape from home.
Rottweilers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Belgian Malinoiss have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Rottweilers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Belgian Malinoiss are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Rottweilers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Belgian Malinoiss adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Rottweilers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Belgian Malinoiss do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Rottweilers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Belgian Malinoiss are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Rottweilers are not stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Belgian Malinoiss are kid-friendly dogs.
Rottweilers are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards cats.
Rottweilers are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards other dogs.
Rottweilers are not dog-friendly.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Belgian Malinois is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Rottweiler is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Belgian Malinoiss are usually recommended for elderly people.
Rottweilers are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Belgian Malinoiss are generally with other pets.
Rottweilers are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Belgian Malinoiss are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Rottweilers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Belgian Malinois breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Rottweiler breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Belgian Malinois is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Rottweiler is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Eye Problems Hip Dysplasia Allergies Aortic Stenosis Bloat Elbow Dysplasia Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Osteosarcoma Panosteitis Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 12-14 years 8-11 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Belgian Malinoiss are high energy dogs.
Rottweilers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Belgian Malinoiss need a lot of exercises.
Rottweilers have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Belgian Malinoiss don't need too much sleep.
Rottweilers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Recommended daily amount: 4 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Low to Average.
High: The Rottweiler breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Belgian Malinois has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Rottweiler has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Belgian Malinois is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Rottweiler drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Belgian Malinois vs Rottweiler

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 6-10 puppies 8-12 puppies

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