Australian Cattle Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Australian Cattle Dog so you can get to know the breed more.
|Group||Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)|
Other Names |
What other names does the Australian Cattle Dog have? The dog breed also known as...
|Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler, Hall39;s Heeler, ACD, Cattle Dog, Red Heeler|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Australian Cattle Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1980 as a Herding breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Australian Cattle Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) section.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Australian Cattle Dog breed?
|American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club|
How much does the Australian Cattle Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Australian Cattle Dog price:
If you choose to purchase the Australian Cattle Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Australian Cattle Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Australian Cattle Dog gets to a happy place.
The Australian Cattle Dog, as its name suggests, is indigenous to Australia. In the early 19th century, when the Anglo-Australian settlers started to migrate from the initial coastal settlements to the vast grasslands of the western inland. This was considered to be the prime territory for raising beef cattle. During the process of creating the large cattle on huge ranches, eventually, farmers needed good, reliable herding dogs, to help them out.
The first cattle dogs in Australia were British imports like the Old English Sheepdog and the Smithfield. The Smithfield was unsuited to the rough terrain, the high temperature, and to the vast distances between the market and the ranches. Records from these early pioneers document the loss of many cattle in transit to the market due to the lack of control by their herding dogs. These distances were usually hundreds of miles long over rough terrain, which was too demanding for the Old World breeds. Thus, a long process of trial and error type of breeding begun, with the intention of breeding a herding breed, that could meet the requirements the Australian terrain posed. So, the Smithfield were crossed with the Dingoes and with Scottish Highland Collied as breeders worked their way to the hardworking and durable herding breed, they sought after. In the mid-19th century, some ranchers experimented by cross-breeding the native Dingo with the blue-merle drover’s dog.
Surprisingly, the result was an intelligent, and very capable dog, who was naturally tenacious enough to deal with the beef cattle. These dogs became known as the Blue Heelers. They were especially popular in Queensland, where the dogs were called Queensland Heelers. A man named Robert Kaleske, in 1883 took up the breeding of Blue Heelers and started to present them at local and national dog shows. He also drew up a breed standard, which was accepted, basing the breed on the Dingo, believing that the Dingo was its ancestor. In 1903, the Kennel Club of New South Wales approved the standard. The key contributor breeder was George Elliot, from Queensland, who bred Dingoes with Collies and sold the puppies to ranchers, spreading the word. Later, towards the middle of the 20th century, two brothers, named Harry and Jack Bagust, in the United States perfected the breed. They were crossing the Australian Cattle Dog made by Mr. Elliot with Dalmatians, with the Kelpie, and some with the German Shepherd. Thanks to the Dalmatian’s natural protectiveness, loyalty, and ease with horses, mixed with the initial breed’s working capabilities was the right combination in order to produce the final Australian Cattle Dog, we know today.
Despite the breed’s long history, because of the constant breeding processes, it was not until 1980 that the AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized the Australian Cattle Dog. The UKC (United Kennel Club) followed in 1985 with the registration. In the early days of the Australian economy, the Australian Cattle Dog made indispensable contributions to the growth of the continent’s beef industry. Today, the breed is still employed on ranches all around the world. However, many enjoy them simply as family companions, including the Hollywood stars like Owen Wilson, Steve Earle, and Matthew McConaughey.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Australian Cattle Dog size:
How much does the Australian Cattle Dog weigh? Australian Cattle Dog weight:
|30-62 pounds (13-28 kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Australian Cattle Dog? Australian Cattle Dog average weight:
|46 pounds (20.5 kg)|
How tall is the Australian Cattle Dog? Australian Cattle Dog height:
|Male: 17-20 inches (43-51 cm), Female: 17-19 inches (43-48 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Australian Cattle Dog average height:
|Male: 18.5 inches (47 cm), Female: 18 inches (45.5 cm)|
What type of coat does the Australian Cattle Dog have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Australian Cattle Dog's coat?
How to groom the Australian Cattle Dog and how often?
Effortless: The Australian Cattle Dog requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Australian Cattle Dog is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level |
How much do Australian Cattle Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Queensland Heeler? Australian Cattle Dog shedding level:
Australian Cattle Dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
What kind of personality does the Australian Cattle Dog have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Australian Cattle Dog? Are they intelligent?
Outstanding: Australian Cattle Dog is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 95% of the time or better.
Are Australian Cattle Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Australian Cattle Dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Australian Cattle Dog is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Australian Cattle Dog sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Australian Cattle Dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they?
Australian Cattle Dogs are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Queensland Heeler need? Australian Cattle Dog social needs:
Australian Cattle Dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Do Australian Cattle Dog dogs bark a lot? Why does my Blue Heeler bark?
Low to Average: The Australian Cattle Dog rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Australian Cattle Dog good as a watchdog?
Australian Cattle Dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Australian Cattle Dog dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Do Australian Cattle Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Australian Cattle Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Australian Cattle Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Australian Cattle Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential |
Do Australian Cattle Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Queensland Heeler? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Australian Cattle Dog? Why do dog bites happen?
The Australian Cattle Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Australian Cattle Dog do?
Australian Cattle Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Australian Cattle Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Australian Cattle Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Australian Cattle Dog roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Australian Cattle Dog is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Australian Cattle Dog have high prey drive?
Australian Cattle Dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Australian Cattle Dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Australian Cattle Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Australian Cattle Dogs are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Australian Cattle Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog |
Where Australian Cattle Dog dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they friendly with strangers?
Australian Cattle Dogs are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly |
Are Australian Cattle Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Australian Cattle Dog and children:
Australian Cattle Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Australian Cattle Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Australian Cattle Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Australian Cattle Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Australian Cattle Dog dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Australian Cattle Dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly |
Are Australian Cattle Dogs good office dogs? Do Australian Cattle Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dogs be office dogs?
Australian Cattle Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Australian Cattle Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Queensland Heeler temperament with senior people? Are Australian Cattle Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Australian Cattle Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Australian Cattle Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Australian Cattle Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Australian Cattle Dogs are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Australian Cattle Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Australian Cattle Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a service dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Australian Cattle Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a therapy dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Australian Cattle Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Australian Cattle Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Australian Cattle Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Australian Cattle Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Australian Cattle Dog be a drafting dog?
|Not really |
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Australian Cattle Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy breed? Do Australian Cattle Dog dogs have health problems?
The Australian Cattle Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems |
What health problems does the Australian Cattle Dog breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Australian Cattle Dog breed? Health risks of Australian Cattle Dog:
|DeafnessHip DysplasiaProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)|
Life Expectancy |
How long do Australian Cattle Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Australian Cattle Dog be?
Is the Australian Cattle Dog breed hypoallergenic?
Australian Cattle Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Australian Cattle Dog have?
Australian Cattle Dogs are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need |
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Australian Cattle Dog dogs require per day?
Australian Cattle Dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Australian Cattle Dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Australian Cattle Dog need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Australian Cattle Dog risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Australian Cattle Dog's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Australian Cattle Dog's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Prefers average to cold weather conditions|
The Australian Cattle Dog can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Australian Cattle Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Australian Cattle Dog drool?
The Australian Cattle Dog is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Australian Cattle Dog could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Australian Cattle Dog. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Australian Cattle Dog pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Australian Cattle Dog pregnancy time period:
Reproductive cycle of the female Australian Cattle Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|How often can the Australian Cattle Dog have a litter?||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Australian Cattle Dog have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
|1-7 puppies, average 5|
Pros & Cons of Australian Cattle Dog
- Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: Australian Cattle Dog is one of the brightest dog breeds.
- Trainability: Australian Cattle Dogs are easy to train.
- Grooming: Effortless: The Australian Cattle Dog requires minimal grooming.
- Drooling tendency: The Australian Cattle Dog is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
- Watchdog Ability: Australian Cattle Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
- Child Friendly: Australian Cattle Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Australian Cattle Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
- Hypoallergenic: Australian Cattle Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: Australian Cattle Dogs are not apartment-friendly dogs.
- Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
- Mouthiness: Australian Cattle Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Australian Cattle Dog is strong enough to escape from home.
- Office Friendly: Australian Cattle Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Australian Cattle Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Latest Australian Cattle Dog Compares
Rate this dog
Feb 22, 2021, 4:25:04 PM:
Jul 21, 2020, 9:56:26 PM:
I loved Kylie (Blue Heeler/Austrailian Shepherd mix), but she was TERRIBLE with strangers and other dogs. Be aware that this breed could have issues with meeting other dogs on walks.
- Mark McGinnis
Jul 6, 2020, 1:19:52 PM:
Bought this "mutt" at a junkyard for 50 dollars. Find out later my "mutt" is a Australian Cattle dog. Almost 17 and still going strong besides a little arthritis.